Jurnalul de Chirurgie
 Jurnalul de chirurgie
Aparitie trimestriala in a doua luna a trimestrului
Published quarterly in the second month of the quarter
ISSN: 1584 - 9341 Vol.10 Nr.3 - Iulie-Septembrie 2014 | luni, 21 ianuarie 2019
ISSN: 1584 - 9341 Vol.10 No.3 - July-September 2014
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THE THYROID NODULE
R. Van Hee
University of Antwerp, Belgium
Jurnalul de chirurgie 2008; 4 (1):51-60
Full text: PDF Format (Engleză/English)

Abstract:

Nodular disease of the thyroid is common; however, malignancy of the thyroid occurs in only 0.004% of the American population annually (12,000 new cases per y). About 5% of thyroid nodules are malignant; the remainder represent a variety of benign diagnoses, including colloid nodules, degenerative cysts, hyperplasia, thyroiditis, or benign neoplasms. A rational approach to management of a thyroid nodule is based on the clinician's ability to distinguish the more common benign diagnoses from malignancy in a highly reliable and cost-effective manner. A comprehensive history and physical examination provides the foundation for decision making in the management of thyroid nodules. The diagnosis algorithm includes lab tests, ultasound exam, scintigraphy and fine-needle aspiration biopsy. This paper also presents the technique of thyroidectomy and the risks factors for recurrent nerve palsy. It is also discussed the indications of the total versus subtotal thyroidectomies in different thyroid pathology. Conclusions:  Thyroid nodular is still a frequent disease. All “cold” nodules are potentially malignant. Unilateral isthmo-lobectomy or bilateral thyroidectomy are the treatments of choice. Careful search to identify recurrent nerve is adviseable, and mandatory in bilateral disease. Neuromonitoring may be promising tool to prevent the recurrent nerve palsy. Bloodless surgery reduces the risk of nerve lesion.

KEY WORDS: THYROID NODULAR DISEASE, THYROIDECTOMY, RECURRENT NERVE PALSY



: Creative Commons License
Jurnalul de chirurgie [Journal of Surgery] by Editorial Board, Department of Surgery University of Medicine and Pharmacy Iasi, E. Tarcoveanu, R. Moldovanu is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.
Based on a work at www.jurnaluldechirurgie.ro.